The question becomes more relevant than ever, especially when we plan the "urban" areas. Over the years, the planning approach has adopted and internalized western vision and thought (as we see in almost every garden and park)
Past experience shows that one of the most successful solutions will be the design of sustainable systems (agriculture and landscaping) designed to mimic natural ecosystems in order to fit into the local ecosystem while addressing the needs and benefits of humans.
Ecological planning will help improve the quality of life and improve the quality of the environment (saving water, saving money, reducing the use of pesticides and fertilizers, saving the purchase of plants, etc.).
You do not have to become green or environmentalists.
In order to achieve this, it is necessary to adopt principles of planning such as ecological sites (they do not have to be nature reserves), adoption of principles of agroecology (urban agriculture), use of vegetation and local design elements adapted to the conditions, planting groves / fruit forests for the benefit of the residents and not forgetting a combination of education, .The definitions sound "blown up" but the idea is simple and effective, without the need for extra expenses or deviations, just creative thinking.