The art of bonsai is spreading throughout the world. What is the secret of her charm? Why is it exciting millions of people from all over the world? We will try to trace its cultural, philosophical and artistic roots. And as a bonus, we added a detailed guide to self-cultivation of bonsai plants.
Getting started in the bonsai
The creation of a bonsai tree is a multi-dimensional process that extends over a long period of time, measured in years.
Bonsai artist must have a deep knowledge of the principles of plant life and must control all the theoretical and practical elements of bonsai art. Like a chef in the kitchen, so is the bonsai. Without the knowledge, without proper work tools and fine raw materials, it will not be possible to achieve a qualitative result. But that is not enough. A bonsai artist owes the extra thing, the artistic sparkle, the natural talent to be able to take all the knowledge, materials and tools and to concoct them as a result of a work of art.
However, as there is no need to be Picasso to enjoy painting, so you can enjoy the design of small trees even if the final result will not enter the Hall of Fame Bonsai works.
Calibrators for bonsai design
So how do you start?
It is a mistake to think that bonsai begins with seed. Various commercial factors are marketed to enthusiasts around the world "bonsai seeds". There is no greater mistake.
First, there is no type or species of tree called bonsai, bonsai artists use a large variety of species and varieties of trees and shrubs that are suitable for the climate in their habitat.
You can create bonsai from olive, oak, gum goddess, myrtle, juniper, ficus and many other species.
The second reason we do not start the creation of bonsai from seed is the time factor. The time it takes for the seed to grow into an adult plant that transmits the feeling of a thick old tree requires the waiting of many unnecessary years. Therefore, one of the essential issues in bonsai art whose importance can not be overestimated is the selection of raw material.
Quality raw material for bonsai is mainly used in nurseries. In almost every nursery one can find a corner to which the less beautiful plants are thrown, those that have been broken, crooked or just unsold, where they lie for years, beating roots in the ground and growing wild. Among them are those with interesting race movement that will form the basis for the bonsai design.
After locating the raw material, the tree's training period begins, which can take several years, during which a variety of design techniques will be used to give the tree the look we want.
Copper and aluminum wires are the main means used to direct the branches of the tree to the desired appearance. The thickness of the wire is chosen according to the thickness of the branch on which we will work. Wrap the thread around the branch and then bend it to the desired position. After three to four months we will cut the thread with cutting pliers and the branch will remain in place and in the desired direction.
The trains and air-conditioning are also techniques that we will sometimes use to repair or improve the tree.
In order to become a practice, it is important to take the first steps under the guidance of an experienced bonsai artist. Bonsai nurseries in Israel often provide workshops and courses in which you can acquire the knowledge and techniques necessary for the beginner.
As the years pass and after many cycles of growth, pruning and guiding the tree, the main design process ends and it is time to copy the tree into a pot that will suit it in shape, size and shade. Thus we will complete the harmonious picture of the creation of the bonsai.
During and after the training period, we will ensure irrigation, fertilization, pest control and disease in order to preserve the vitality of the tree.
It is important to remember that once every two to three years, the tree must be extracted from the pot, reduced to the root mass and replanted with a fresh substrate. This action should be performed with an experienced hand and appropriate season.
The creation of the bonsai never ends. As long as the tree is alive it continues to grow and develop and under the hands of the design skill will improve and improve over the years. The tree after a bonsai design
Choosing the right tree for the amateurs
Many elements are necessary to create a bonsai tree: a race with an interesting movement and good sharpness, a branching arrangement that creates the illusion of an old tree, a perfect match between the flowerpot and a tree ... These are just a few of the issues the artist faces on his long journey to create bonsai.
An important consideration in choosing the species of wood intended for design is the size of the foliage. In order for the small tree to convey the feeling of thick wood, it is very desirable that the foliage be as small as possible.
One of the trees that meet this requirement is also one of the most common among bonsai artists and enthusiasts in the world - the Ulmus, the Ulmaceae family. It originates in Central and East Asia and is known for about 45 species of ulmus. Three or four of them are used by most of the bonsai artists, but the most common is the Ulmus Parvifolia, also known as the Chinese ellamus.
The bolognese is a favorite of Bonsai people for a variety of reasons. He is very 'tough', that is, he survives in exceptional circumstances and quickly recovers from manipulations such as aggressive root pruning.
Its growth rate is fast. His foliage is small and very easy in simple techniques to further reduce.
The small-leafed olmos survives in a wide range of conditions, growing great at home near the window that absorbs natural light, as well as outdoors under partial to full sun conditions. The tree will absorb without any difficulty pruning an aggressive landscape and will respond with a fresh burst of green foliage. It is relatively resistant to diseases and pests and easily reproduces from uneaten abscesses.
In addition to all these capabilities, a small leafy Olmos has a few more surprises in its sleeve
The heart of every Bonsai man:
He develops very quickly a coarse-grained, rough trunk that enhances the old tree effect.
Because it is a deciduous tree, if it is held outside it will fully convey the experience of the seasons.
In autumn the foliage is yellowing and the tree gradually sheds its leaves and enters the winter coma. In the spring, the small eyes slowly swell and turn into a foliage mass of bright green grass. As adults, the leaves get a deep dark green color. A small-leafed Olmos is a great tree for those who take their first steps in bonsai art as well as veteran and experienced bonsai artists. He will deliver the goods, he will respond forgivingly to mistakes, it is very easy to get good results with him in a variety of design styles and in a relatively short period of time.
The Art of Bonsai
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